Estonian Nature and National Parks

Estonian Nature & Natural Parks | Discover Estonia


Estonia… what a perfect place for nature lovers. More than 18% of the country’s land and 30% of the sea territory is made up of protected areas, which include five national parks, nature reserves, landscape reserves, and other smaller areas. Bogs, meadows, forests, and little lakes give you a great opportunity to enjoy the silence and peaceful nature. Here you may also find more than 1,500 charming islands with the largest of them being Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu.

The climate in Estonia can be called temperate and mild. The weather is often breezy and humid since the Baltic Sea is near.  Seasons are always different but the most common and regular ones are warm summers and fairly cold winters. Estonian nature is picturesque and vibrant. If you decide to spend some time outside it will be a pleasure for you since the country is perfect not only for hiking and camping but also for skiing and for other winter sports.

Some people joke and call Estonia the kingdom of bogs because approximately one quarter of the country is covered in marshes. It does not depend in which part of Estonia are you, the nearest marsh is always less than 10 km away. Most of the bogs are located in the central and eastern parts of the country.

Estonia has 5 national parks:

  • Karula National Park is located in southern Estonia. It is one of the smallest national parks in the country and was formed thousands of years ago by continental glacial activity. The park is popular for its forests, fields, and meadows. It houses around 40 lakes.
  • Lahemaa National Park is located on the north coast of Estonia. It is the oldest one in the country. Here you can find stony and sandy beaches, picturesque bogs, special plant communities, rapid rivers, and some monuments. This national park is one of the most important protected forest areas in Europe.
  • Matsalu National Park is located in western Estonia and is one of the most famous bird sites in Europe. The park can be even called a true ‘birdwatchers’ paradise since an exceptionally large variety of bird species stops and nests here. Here you can see flooded meadows, coastal meadows, reed beds, and forests.
  • Soomaa National Park is situated in central Estonia. It is rich in bogs and mires. It is a perfect place for activities such as bog hikes and canoe trips. The best time of the year in Soomaa is the flood period or the fifth season.
  • Vilsandi National Park is located on the west coast of Saaremaa Island. A great place for those who love the sea, seals, shifting sands, birds and orchids. One third of all protected plant species in Estonia can be found in this national park. In summer, hikes are organized there every day.

If you consider yourself a nature lover, then you should definitely stop by one of these amazing national parks. Estonia’s human population is low, so there are a lot of empty roads and good infrastructure. The low population also gives you some advantage: it gives the adventurers plenty of space to themselves, allows them to make telephone calls, and access the internet any time they want since Internet reception is found all over the country, even on isolated beaches or deep in the forest.